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Animal Forensic Genetics


Forensic Genetics is not limited to the human species, but has broad implications in animal species, both for species identification and certification, mainly of cattle and equines, as well as for authentication of traceability.

Biological traceability allows tracking of a sample, during all processes carried out from initial sampling until it reaches the consumer. Food authentication verifies that the product purchased is composed of the materials specified in the labeling and avoid contamination or fraudulent substitutions.


BIOMICs have been developing new methods based on analysis of DNA that allow to perform authentication of species with high precision, including DNA-based methods in forensic entomology.

Publications (last 10 years):

1. Gamarra, D., Aldai, N., Arakawa, A., de Pancorbo, MM., Taniguchi, M. (2021). Effect of a genetic polymorphism in SREBP1 on fatty acid composition and related gene expression in subcutaneous fat tissue of beef cattle breeds. Animal Science Journal, 92(1), e13521.

2. Gamarra, D., Taniguchi, M., Aldai, N., Arakawa, A., Lopez-Oceja, A., de Pancorbo, MM. (2020). Genetic Characterization of the Local Pirenaica Cattle for Parentage and Traceability Purposes. Animals (Basel), 10(9),1584.

3. Ibarrondo, O., Lopez-Oceja, A., Baeta, M., de Pancorbo, MM. (2019). A Statistical Method to Enhance the Analysis of the Differences Among High-Resolution Melting (HRM) Curves of PCR-Amplified DNA Fragments. Journal of Food Science, 84(10), 2719–2728.


4. Carrasco-Garcia, E., Moreno-Cugnon, L., Garcia, I., Borras, C., Revuelta, M., Izeta, A., Lopez-Lluch, G., de Pancorbo, MM., Vergara, I., Vina, J., Matheu, A. (2019). SOX2 expression diminishes with ageing in several tissues in mice and humans. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 177, 30–36.

5.Lopez-Oceja, A., Lekube, X., Ruiz, L., Mujika-Alustiza, JA., de Pancorbo, MM. (2019). CYT B L15601 and H15748 primers for genetic identification of cetacean species. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series, 7(1), 771 - 772.


6. Gamarra, D., Aldai, N., Arakawa, A., Barron, LJR., López-Oceja, A., de Pancorbo, MM., Taniguchi, M. (2018). Distinct correlations between lipogenic gene expression and fatty acid composition of subcutaneous fat among cattle breeds. BMC Veterinary Research, 14(1), 167.


7. Lopez-Oceja, A., Nuñez, C., Baeta, M., Gamarra, D., de Pancorbo, MM. Species identification in meat products: A new screening method based on high resolution  melting analysis of cyt b gene. (2017). Food Chemistry, 237, 701–706.


8. Lopez-Oceja, A., Gamarra, D., Cardoso, S., Palencia-Madrid, L., Juste, R. A., de Pancorbo, MM. (2017). Two ovine mitochondrial DNAs harboring a fifth 75/76 bp repeat motif without altered gene expression in Northern Spain. Electrophoresis, 38(6), 869–875.


9. Gamarra, D., Lopez-Oceja, A., de Pancorbo, MM. (2017). Genetic characterization and founder effect analysis of recently introduced Salers cattle breed population. Animal, 11(1), 24–32.


10. Aurtenetxe, M., Belaunzaran, X., Bravo-Lamas, L., Gamarra, D., R Barron, LJ., Aldai, N. (2017). Commercial and nutritional characterization of the subcutaneous fat of calves and cows for culling slaughtered in the autonomous community of the Basque country. Archivos de Zootecnia, 66(255), 433 - 440.

11. Lopez-Oceja, A., Gamarra, D., Borragan, S., Jiménez-Moreno, S., de Pancorbo, MM. (2016). New cyt b gene universal primer set for forensic analysis. Forensic Science International Genetics, 23, 159–165.


12. Lopez-Oceja, A., Muro-Verde, A., Gamarra, D., Cardoso, S., de Pancorbo, MM. (2016). New Q lineage found in bovine (Bos taurus) of Iberian Peninsula. Mitochondrial DNA Part A: DNA Mapping, Sequencing and Analysis, 27(5), 3597–3601.

13. Gamarra, D., Lopez-Oceja, A., Jimenez-Moreno, S., de Pancorbo, MM. (2015). Forensic efficacy of twelve STRs in Spanish cattle. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series, 5, 253 – 255.

14. Lopez-Oceja, A., Gamarra, D., Jiménez-Moreno, S., de Pancorbo, MM. (2015). Identification of big game species by a universal cytochrome B primer pair through High-Resolution Melting. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series, 5, e116 - e117.

15. GilArriortua, M., Saloña Bordas, MI., Köhnemann, S., Pfeiffer, H., de Pancorbo, MM. (2014). Molecular differentiation of Central European blowfly species (Diptera, Calliphoridae) using mitochondrial and nuclear genetic markers. Forensic Science International, 242, 274–282.


16. Valverde, L., Lischka, C., Scheiper, S., Nedele, J., Challis, R., de Pancorbo, MM., Pfeiffer, H., Köhnemann, S. (2014). Characterization of 15 STR cannabis loci: nomenclature proposal and SNPSTR haplotypes. Forensic Science International Genetics, 9, 61–65.


17. GilArriortua, M., Salona Bordas, MI., Cainé, L. M., Pinheiro, F., de Pancorbo, MM. (2013). Cytochrome b as a useful tool for the identification of blowflies of forensic interest (Diptera, Calliphoridae). Forensic Science International, 228(1-3), 132–136.

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Congress contributions (last 10 years):

37th International Society for Animal Genetics Conference (ISAG)

Lleida, Spain

7-8 July 2019

Gamarra, D., Aldai, N., Carvajal, AM., Taniguchi, M., de Pancorbo, MM., Morales, R.

Relationship among the gene expression of SCD1, SCD5, SREBP1 and the fatty acid profile of Holstein-friesian steers finished under different pasture systems.


XXIV Congreso de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Producción Animal, ALPA2015

Puerto Varas, Chile

9-13 November 2015

Gamarra, D., Arakawa, A., Aldai, N., López-Oceja, A., de Pancorbo, MM., Taniguchi, M.

Correlación entre la expresión génica de SCD1, SCD5 y el perfil de ácidos grasos en tejido adiposo del País Vasco.


26th Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics

Krakovia, Poland

31 August-1 September 2015

Gamarra, D., López-Oceja, A., de Pancorbo, MM.

Efficacy of 12 STRs kit in cattle genotyping for Forensic purposes.



López-Oceja, A., Gamarra, D., Jiménez, S., de Pancorbo, MM.

Big game species identification by high-resolution melting.



61st International Congress of Meat Science & Technology (ICOMST)

Clermont-Ferrand, France

23-28 August 2015

Gamarra, D., Arakawa, A., Aldai, N., López-Oceja, A., de Pancorbo, MM., Taniguchi, M.

Relationship between gene expression of Stearoyl-COA desaturases (SCD1 & SCD5) and the fatty acid profile in adipose tissue of cattle breeds in the Basque region.


Xth European Congress of Entomology ECE2014

York, UK                               

3-8 August 2014

GilArriortua, M., de Pancorbo, MM., Saloña-Bordas, MI.

Fast and accurate diagnosis of Calliphoridae species using high resolution melt (HRM) analysis of ITS2 rDNA region.


Jornadas Científicas de Ciencias Forenses e Criminais AEISCSN

Gandra, Portugal                             

22-23 May 2014

Saloña-Bordas, MI., GilArriortua, M., Villegas, AU., de Pancorbo, MM.

New advances on Forensic Entomology in the Basque Country (North of Spain).

International Workshop: Quality and Sustainability of Food Products from Animal Origin

Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain

18-19 November 2013

Organized by LACTIKER research group of UPV/EHU

de Pancorbo, MM.

Opening ceremony

Invited speaker

Annual Meeting of the North American Forensic Entomology Association (NAFEA)

Ohio, USA                                            

15-17 July 2013

GilArriortua, M., Saloña-Bordas, MI., de Pancorbo, MM.

DNA-based Identification of Forensically Important Blowflies of the Atlantic Seaboard if the Iberian Peninsula by Means of Cytochrome b Molecular Marker.

Oral Communication


32 Spurenworkshop. Spurenkommission der Deutschan Gesellschaft für Rechtsmedizin (DGRM)

Hannover, Germany                       

24-25 February 2012

GilArriortua, M., Babucke, P., Saloña-Bordas, MI., Köhnemann, S., de Pancorbo, MM., Pfeiffer, H.

Pilotstudie zur COX I mtDNA Variation Von Calliphoridae Spezies in Deutschland und Spanien.

Oral communication

24th Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics (ISFG)

Vienna, Austria

29 August-3 September 2011

Gamarra, D., Lopez-Oceja, A., Gomez-Moliner, B., de Pancorbo, MM.

Mitochondrial genes allow discrimination between three cynegetic species for forensic purposes.




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